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Map Activity: Europeans Come to North America

An educational teaching resource from Dr. Will Pulgarin entitled Map Activity: Europeans Come to North America downloadable at Teach Simple.
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Grade 6, 7, 8, 9

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About This Product

This mapping activity introduces students to the land claims made by European countries around the 1700s. There are total of 7 questions that students are expected to answer using the map. This is great of review and/or as an introduction to a unit. Ready to print - no prep.

The European exploration of the Americas refers to the period of exploration and colonization by various European powers in the Americas, starting in the late 15th century and continuing into the 19th century. This era of exploration had a profound impact on the history, culture, and development of the Americas. Christopher Columbus, an Italian explorer sailing under the Spanish crown, is often credited with initiating the European exploration of the Americas. In 1492, he reached the Caribbean islands, believing he had reached the eastern coast of Asia. Columbus's voyages sparked a wave of exploration by other European powers, primarily Spain and Portugal. The Spanish, led by figures like Hernán Cortés and Francisco Pizarro, explored and conquered vast territories in Central and South America. They established colonies and exploited the region's resources, particularly gold and silver.

The Spanish Empire became one of the wealthiest and most powerful in the world. The Portuguese, led by explorers such as Vasco da Gama and Pedro Álvares Cabral, focused their efforts on establishing trading routes to Asia by sailing around the southern tip of Africa. However, they also claimed significant territories in South America, including Brazil. Other European powers, such as England, France, and the Netherlands, also sought to establish colonies and expand their influence in the Americas. English explorers like John Cabot and Sir Walter Raleigh ventured to North America, while French explorers, including Jacques Cartier and Samuel de Champlain, explored and settled parts of present-day Canada. The Dutch established colonies in what is now New York and other areas along the eastern coast of North America. The European exploration of the Americas led to the establishment of permanent colonies, the introduction of European diseases that devastated native populations, and the transatlantic slave trade, which forcibly brought millions of Africans to the Americas to work on plantations and in mines. The colonization and exploitation of the Americas by European powers had far-reaching consequences, including the reshaping of indigenous cultures, the establishment of new political and economic systems, and the eventual independence movements that led to the formation of modern nation-states in the Americas. It's important to note that the European exploration of the Americas was not a single, unified endeavor. Different European powers had different goals, methods, and interactions with indigenous peoples. The history of this period is complex and multifaceted, involving numerous explorers, conquistadors, and colonizers, each contributing to the overall narrative of European exploration and colonization in the Americas.

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Resource Tags

European Colonization New World Exploration Age of Exploration World History Maps Mapping Activity

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