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The Scientific Revolution: Graphic Organizer

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Grade 7, 8, 9, 10, 11



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About This Product

The Scientific Revolution refers to a period of profound scientific advancements and changes in the way people viewed and understood the natural world. It took place roughly between the 16th and 18th centuries, starting with the Copernican Revolution and ending with the Enlightenment. During this period, several significant scientific discoveries and advancements were made, leading to a fundamental shift in scientific thinking. Some key figures associated with the Scientific Revolution include Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler, Isaac Newton, and Francis Bacon.

One of the central developments of the Scientific Revolution was the heliocentric model of the solar system proposed by Copernicus. He argued that the Earth revolves around the Sun, challenging the prevailing geocentric model that placed the Earth at the center of the universe. Galileo's observations with his improved telescope supported Copernicus' heliocentric model and further contributed to the understanding of planetary motion. Galileo also conducted experiments on motion, discovering the principle of inertia and making significant contributions to the field of mechanics.

Johannes Kepler formulated three laws of planetary motion, providing mathematical descriptions of how planets move in elliptical orbits around the Sun. His laws helped establish a more accurate understanding of celestial mechanics. Perhaps the most influential figure of the Scientific Revolution was Sir Isaac Newton. His groundbreaking work in physics, laid out in his book "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy" (often referred to as "Principia"), presented the laws of motion and the law of universal gravitation. Newton's laws provided a unified framework for understanding the motion of celestial bodies and objects on Earth. The Scientific Revolution also saw advancements in other fields, including anatomy, biology, chemistry, and optics. It led to the development of new experimental methods and the establishment of scientific institutions, such as the Royal Society in England. The impact of the Scientific Revolution extended beyond the scientific realm. It challenged long-held beliefs and traditional authorities, particularly those of the Catholic Church. The new scientific knowledge and methods encouraged critical thinking and the pursuit of empirical evidence, laying the groundwork for the Enlightenment—an intellectual and philosophical movement that emphasized reason, individualism, and progress. Overall, the Scientific Revolution marked a significant turning point in human history, ushering in a new era of scientific inquiry, experimentation, and a more systematic approach to understanding the natural world. It paved the way for subsequent scientific advancements and continues to shape our understanding of the universe today.

Teacher-prepared notes show students what is important and how ideas relate, and offer a model for how students should take notes themselves (Marzano et al., 2001). These notes come with a completed teacher version and a student fill-in-the-blank version. Ready to print and ready to use! Works great with the interactive notebook!

Thumbnail Clipart Credit: By Prince Padania

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Student version

Teacher version

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Scientific Revolution Graphic Organizer Galileo Newton Copernicus

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